Brave enough to say no
During the First World War, 3,400 registered COs
joined the Royal Army Medical Corps, or the Non-Combatant Corps
(NCC), dubbed the "No Courage Corps". Some 6,312 were arrested;
5,970 faced a court martial and most were imprisoned. Eighty-one
conscientious objectors died; others had mental breakdowns. Many
continued to be ostracised after the war, even by their churches.
Here are some of their stories.
William Burrell was a Wesleyan local preacher,
and could not believe that Christ would take up a gun or bayonet.
He wanted to become a missionary, but as a CO was imprisoned in
Wormwood Scrubs, Wakefield Prison (where he feared for his sanity),
and eventually Dartmoor.
William Done was a Primitive Methodist who
worked on the family farm. He became the target of a hate campaign,
which began with a white feather sent through the post, and another
stuck on the farm gate. Arrested, he was taken to Chester Castle
where he was stripped and ordered to put on army uniform. William
refused, and was given only a blanket to cover himself. A court
martial resulted in a sentence of six years with hard labour, which
he served in Wormwood Scrubs, before being transferred to a work
camp at Dartmoor.
Victor Murray, later to become the last
vice-president of the Primitive Methodist Church in 1932, refused
to support the war in any way. He knew this would lead to
suffering, but told a hostile military tribunal, "Wise or foolish
…I must obey the call of Christ as it comes to me."
Samuel Wakelin became a Methodist because he
was a CO. A Sunday School teacher, he was dismissed by the Strict
and Particular Baptist Church for his pacifist views. His wife Lily
suffered too, being shunned by other church members. Samuel served
as a stretcher bearer, and found a home with the Primitive
Methodists at Park Lane, Wembley. His son Paul became a CO in the
Second World War, serving with the Friends Ambulance Unit. His
grandson Mark became president of the Methodist Conference in