Holy Communion and social media

This page is currently under development and will be updated soon

A short list of resources to aid theological reflection into the use of electronic means of communication in relation to the sacrament of the Lord's Supper can be found below. The 2003 Conference Report His Presence Makes the Feast contains reflections on the understanding and practice of this Sacrament within the British Methodist Church.  It can be found here. www.methodist.org.uk/downloads/conf-holy-communion-in-methodist-church-2003.pdf


Select Bibliography of Resources for Study of Online Communion

Baym, Nancy Personal Connections in the Digital Age (Polity Press: 2010)

Boyd, Danah It's Complicated: The Social Life of Networked Teens Yale (University Press, 2015) 

Campbell, Heidi

Exploring Religious Community Online: We are One in the Network (New York: Peter Lang, 1995)

When Religion Meets New Media  (New York: Routledge, 2010)

Digital Religion (New York: Routledge, 2013)

Cheong, Pauline Hope, Peter Fischer-Neilson, Stefan Gelfgren, and Charles Ess (eds) Digital Religion, Social Media, and Culture: Perspectives, Practices, and Futures (New York: Peter Lang, 2012)

CODEC   A video containing a brief exploration of online communion is available here:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=REuzd00QkB4

Cowan, Douglas E. & Lorne L. Dawson (eds) Religion Online: Finding Faith on the Internet  (New York: Routledge, 2004)

Dunlap, Joanna & Lowenthal, Patrick "Tweeting the Night Away: Using Twitter to Enhance Social Presence", Journal of Information Systems Education, 20(2), 2009 (available at: www.works.bepress.com/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1018&context=patrick_lowenthal)

Easum, B., and B. Tenny-Brittian Under the Radar: Learning from Risk-Taking Churches  (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2005)

Estes, Douglas. SimChurch: Being the Church in a Virtual World  (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2009)

Gunawardena, Charlotte Social Presence Theory and Implications for Interaction and Collaborative Learning in Computer Conferences, IJET (1.2), 1995 (available at: www.editlib.org/d/15156)

Horst, Heather and Miller, Daniel Digital Anthropology  (Berg: 2012)

Karaflogka, Anastasia  E-religion  (Equinox Publishing (UK): 2006)

Lanier, Jaron You are not a Gadget  (Penguin Books: 2011)

Madron, Thomas W. "Can we Provide Holy Communion Over the Web?" Holy Communion on the Web. www.holycommunionontheweb.org/includes/holycommunion-wp.htm(accessed 23.6.2015)

Mitchell, Jolyon P. and Marriage, Sophia Mediating religion  (T&T Clark Ltd: 2003)

Neal, Gregory S. 'Holy Communion over the Internet: Reflections on an Experiment in Sacramental Practice'  www.revneal.org/communionfaq.html (accessed 23.6.2015)

Ostrowski, Ally 'Cyber Communion: Finding God in the Little Box' Journal of Religion and Society 8 (2006)

Palfrey, John Born Digital (Basic Books: 2010)

Prokes, Mary Timothy At the Interface: Theology and Virtual Reality (Tuscon, AZ: Fenestra Books, 2004)

Rainie, Lee and Wellman, Barry Networked: The New Social Operating System  (MIT: repr 2014)

Siemens, Lynne "The balance between on-line and in-person interactions: Methods for the development of digital humanities collaboration", Digital Studies/Le Champ Numerique 2011, (available at:  www.digitalstudies.org/ojs/index.php/digital_studies/article/view/184)

Turkle, Sherry Alone Together (Basic Books: 2011)

United Methodist Church, This Holy Mystery: A United Methodist Understanding of Holy Communion (Nashville, TN: Discipleship Resources, 2005)

Wagner, Rachel Godwired: Religion, Ritual, and Virtual Reality (New York: Routledge, 2011)

White, Susan J. Christian Worship and Technological Change (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1994)


Other Resources

The United Methodist Church has also been considering the question of 'online communion' and some relevant resources can be found here: 



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